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How to Install Windows from a USB Flash Drive.

    • The Flash Drive should have a decent read/write speed

    • The size of the drive should be at least 4GB

  1. To prepare the USB Flash Drive, we need access to a computer running either Windows Vista™ or Windows 7™. Insert the Flash Drive in the computer and wait for the computer to recognize the drive.

  2. Click START > All Programs > Accessories

  3. Right click on Command Prompt and select “Run As Administrator”

  4. In Command Prompt, type DISKPART

  5. Type SELECT DISK 1 [ The Picture Shows 2 Because Of My Drive Allocations ]

  6. Type CLEAN [ A successful clean will prompt the message “Diskpart succeeded in cleaning the disk” ]



  9. Type ACTIVE

    • By following the above step we have just created a USB Flash Drive capable of booting from the system BIOS.

      Copying The Installation Files
  1. The next step is to copy the files from the Original Windows Vista™ / Windows 7™ disc. Before we copy the content of the disc to the Flash Drive, we have to make sure that the drive is ready to accept files. In the same Command Prompt that we have used in the previous step, type the following commands

    • Type FORMAT FS=NTFS QUICK [ When it reaches 100% you are ready to move to the next step ]

    • Type ASSIGN

    • Type EXIT to get out of DISKPART Command Utility

  2. Now your Flash Drive is ready for the files. Insert your Windows disc into your drive. In my case, my Disc Drive is I: drive and my FLASH Drive is J:

  3. Type XCOPY I:\*.* /S/E/F J:\ [ This Command needs to be typed in the same Command Prompt that we have left open after Diskpart.

    • If your Drive letters are correct, after several minutes you will get a message saying the numbers of files successfully copied to your FLASH DRIVE


      • Please make sure that no other external or internal hard drives or flash drives are attached to the computer while performing these steps. Only the FLASH DRIVE should be attached to the computer. Failure to do so might result in DATA LOSS in other drives while performing the DISKPART commands

      Things you will need for the procedure

      • A Computer With DVD Drive Running Windows Vista Or Windows Seven
      • A Flash Drive with 4GB Capacity
      • The OS Installation disk you want copied onto your Flash Drive

Installing Drivers for "Unknown Devices" in Windows Xp

Most all home Admin’s have run into the dreaded “Unknown Device” after installing XP. Here are some steps to assist in getting the correct driver for PCI based devices.
  1. 1

    Get the “Plug and Play” ID (PNPID) for the device.

  2. 2

    Open the device manager. Double click on device, click “Details” tab, choose “Compatible IDs” from the drop down menu. With the mouse, highlight the first listing under “Value”, and copy using <Ctrl>+<C>, open notepad and paste.

  3. 3

    Now go to

  4. 4

    I’ll take this ID for my example: PCI\VEN_1131&DEV_7134&REV_01

  5. 5

    The part after “PCI/ven_” and before “&”, is the Manufacturer ID. Open the find function and search for that ID on the given website. Then Click the link of the company.

  6. 6

    You’ll now be taken to the device lists of the company.

  7. 7

    The device ID is after “dev_” and before “&” in the ID. Just use your find function to find the device with that ID, and you’ll see its name in front of it.

  8. 8

    Locate driver. Ideally go to the manufacturer’s web site and download the latest released driver. If that is not available, check to see if you have the driver disk. If all else fails, there are a number of sites that have drivers archived.

  9. 9

    Install driver.

  10. 10

    If you need more help, ask for help from someone familiar with PC’s.


  • Create a record of what is currently identified in Device manager prior to a reinstall.
  • If this is an OEM machine there are usually download pages specific to the model.

Sources and Citations

10 Things You Never Knew You Could Do With A USB Flash Drive…

USB flash drives are a cheap and portable way to back up files and move them around between machines. But as cloud storage becomes cheaper and WiFi more accessible, flash drives aren’t as necessary as they once were. You probably now have a couple sitting around in a drawer that rarely ever get used. If you want to breathe new life into your old USB flash drives, here are ten things you may have never known they could do.

1. Install a Linux distribution

Linux USB
Most Linux distributions can be booted from live CDs as a means of trying them out before giving them a full install. In recent years, the trend has shifted towards creating live USBs instead. You can download the appropriate software for your distro of choice and burn an image to your flash drive, creating a means of testing out and installing Linux that is more durable than a CD-ROM. USB drives can hold more data than CDs, allowing you to boot up distros that are too large to fit on a disk.

2. Boot a Persistent OS

Persistent OS
If you want something more permanent than a live USB, which do not save any changes you make, you can install several distributions directly to your flash drive. This way you can boot up your own personal operating system on other peoples’ computers and still have access to the files you’ve created and the programs you’ve installed. Pendrivelinuxis one option, but at this point in time, even the major distributions such as Ubuntu supported persistent booting.

3. Run Portable Apps

Drive Portable allows Windows users to bring their favorite programs and files with them on a flash drive without having to boot into a new operating system. When you plug in your flash drive, you can open what amounts to a separate, portable “Start” menu. Not every application is supported, and you may still have to transition to using open source applications to fully take advantage of Portable Apps. If you would prefer an alternative, there’s also LiberKey and winPenPack.

4. Use as RAM

RAMIn a case where you have a computer that’s slowing down and a flash drive with extra space, you can use the latter to give the former a speed boost. Using a flash drive to provide your computer with extra memory helps it to manage applications better, giving you a faster experience. Microsoft provides ReadyBoost as a means of speeding up your computer using your flash drive as RAM under Windows.

5. Partition hard drives

Hard Drive
Installing Parted Magic to a flash drive helps you more easily re-partition your computer’s hard drive. Partitioning is difficult and dangerous to do when an operating system is running from the hard drive in question, but booting from a flash drive removes some of risk and makes the entire process much more straight forward.

6. Gaming

USB Gaming
While it’s not exactly portable gaming, you can install certain games to flash drives, allowing you to get your gaming fix regardless of whose machine you’re using (granted they’re using the same operating system). Not every game supports this functionality, but Minecraft does. Considering how expansive that game is, it might be all you need.

7. Keep Files Private

Drive Private
You can turn your entire flash drive into an encrypted partition as a means of keeping private files safe from prying eyes. You also have the option to have your flash drive boot normally but containing a separate partition that encrypts any file placed in it. For an extra layer of security, you can also password protect your encrypted partition. Bitlocker To-Go makes this easy to do.

8. Unlock Your Computer

Drive Unlock
If you don’t feel that using a password alone is secure enough, and your computer doesn’t have a biometric scanner, you still have alternative options for securing your computer. Just turn your flash drive into a key and set your computer to only unlock when the drive is plugged in. If you use Windows, Predator is a popular tool for making this happen, but it’s not the only one out there.

9. Rescue An Infected PC

Infected PC
You have the ability to install virus scanners onto your flash drive driver to search for malware on infected computers. You can find offerings to restore your computer after a malware-related crash from well-known companies such as AVG and Kaspersky.

10. Automatically Sync Files

You probably manually drag and drop files onto your flash drive, but there is a simpler means of transporting files. By automatically syncing files between your computer and your flash drive, you can make a it nearly as convenient to use as Dropbox or Google Drive. SyncToy and SyncBack SE are two Windows tools that can make this happen.GoodSync2Go is a solution that works with Mac OS X.


USB flash drives are immensely useful tools capable of fixing computers and booting operating systems. They drop in price each year at the same time that their storage capacity continues to double, making them great for any tech enthusiast on the go. And if all else fails, they’re still good for storing files, too.
What other uses do you use USB drives for?

How To Get Windows 8 Start Screen in Windows XP, Seven and Vista

The new upcoming OS from Microsoft called “Windows 8″ has a genuine start screen similar to that of Windows Phone 7. The start screen shows basic live titles of installed apps and programs.

“Omnimo” is basically a Windows Phone 7 inspired desktop information center based on Rainmeter.
Omnimo is created and developed by “fediaFedia” at deviantart. By using Omnimo we can get Windows 8 look like start screen.
  • Download and install Rainmeter from here:
  • Now download Omnimo from this link :
  • Open the zip file and double click Setup.rmskin file, after the extraction takes place follow the info to install Omnimo.
 For more panel packs for Omnimo click here.

Network Monitoring Tools

Top 10 Network Monitoring Tools

Networking and IT software management is essential for monitoring and updating computer systems and servers. These network monitoring tools provide analytics on performance, utility and maintenance capability. Numerous such tools are available from the World Wide Web. A holistic analysis of possible system errors and their solution are gained by server or system administrators. In this article, we would discuss top 10 important network monitoring tools.

1# Ganglia

Preview of Ganglia  tool
The network monitoring tool for the computer system presents an overall view of the whole system of machines. It is highly beneficial for monitoring server cluster with the network management and monitoring needs. The main benefit of the tool is to provide analysis of how the system of machines or computers does together.

2# Webmetrics global watch

Preview of  Webmetrics global watch tool
Webmetrics is a versatile and advantageous tool for PC users. The main benefits of the tool are diagnosing downtimes, errors and many other added features. Thus the tool for webmetrics provides a complete outlook over performance, validations and analytic reports over available PC systems.

3# Jacarta

Preview of  Jacarta tool
The benefits of network management tool are numerous for PC system user. The tool analyses the correct temperature, humidity, water or moisture levels and numerous additional features that contain information for PC systems. These data are analyzed for vulnerability of PC system and also of air conditioning in providing accurate system upkeep or usability.

4# Dot com monitor

Preview of  Dot com monitor tool
Dot com monitor network monitoring tool for providing essential details over computer systems with server uptime and performance metrics. The tool provides overview for combined analysis of reports, notices and escalations. Also providesstress test, generates error analysis and alerts.

5# Zenoss

Preview of  Zenoss tool
The zenoss is a network tool for monitoring commercial servers. This has a fairly good and requisite amount of features for sustaining analytics reports. The tool has been written in python coding. It boasts of a simple and easy user interface. The tool is capable of providing control from proper analysis of IT infrastructure.

6# Applications manager

Preview of  Applications manager tool
The tool applications manager provides varied utilities for server maintenance and management while enabling problem clarifications and solutions. The tool features server loads, memory utilizations, disk use and other similar services for an IT infrastructure management. It is a very important tool for the administrator in resolving and clearing bottlenecks.


Preview of  PRTG  tool
The tool PRTG is essentially network monitoring and analysis tool where the network bandwidth, usage and network availability is the main criterion for measurement of these aspects. This tool has only 10 sensors and all features available for the free version as compared to the paid version.

8# Cacti

Preview of  Cacti tool
The tool for network management essentially develops the network graphicsolution to problems frequented on the systems. The network management and monitoring with the graphing feature is a different solution for network error problems.

9# Zabbix

Preview of   Zabbix  tool
This is an open source software tool for network analysis and management. The tool is used for only monitoring data. The software is combining varied features for agent-less monitoring, data collection and mapping or graphical solutions to IT network problems.

10# Nagios

Preview of Nagios  tool
The network tool for monitoring server, IT infrastructure and is packed with many other features. It has a popular version for monitoring and is famous for being one of the best ones available on the internet. The benefits mostly are in budget formations and costing, reducing errors and resolving network issues.
Network management and monitoring tools apply standard analytics to render solutions and feedbacks for IT infrastructure. In this article, we have discussed the important top 10 networking tools. Readers of the article are invited to submit their comments and views.